Closing the Gap

Closing the Gap aims to reduce Indigenous disadvantage. All Australian governments have committed to achieve Indigenous health equality within a generation. 

In 2008, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) set targets in health, education and employment to measure improvements in the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

The Closing the Gap timeframes reflect the complexity of the targets.

The targets are:

  • Close the gap in life expectancy within a generation (by 2031)
  • Halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade (by 2018)
  • 95 percent of all Indigenous four-year-olds enrolled in early childhood education (by 2025) – renewed target
  • Close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous school attendance within five years (by 2018)
  • Halve the gap for Indigenous children in reading, writing and numeracy achievements within a decade (by 2018)
  • Halve the gap for Indigenous Australians aged 20-24 in Year 12 attainment or equivalent attainment rates (by 2020)
  • Halve the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians within a decade (by 2018).

Integrated and comprehensive strategies and sustained effort by all governments are required in order to meet these targets.

We compile the Prime Minister’s Closing the Gap report each year. Every year since 2009, the report has been tabled in Parliament. This is accompanied by the Prime Minister’s Statement to Parliament.

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Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
PO Box 6500
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: 02 6271 5111

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain images and voices of deceased people.